01/27/13 Immigration Reform Update
- Requirement for employers to attest to their employees' immigration status.
- Made it illegal to knowingly hire or recruit unauthorized immigrants.
- Granted amnesty to certain seasonal agricultural illegal immigrants.
- Granted amnesty to illegal immigrants who entered the United States before January 1, 1982 and had resided there continuously.
"Includes within the definition of special immigrant: (1) unmarried sons and daughters and surviving spouses of employees of certain international organizations; and (2) specified retirees of such organizations ('I' status) and their spouses. (SOURCE)
Decades later, I have to admit that it feels more like a warm and fuzzy memory to me. But, I do remember that it was an important turning point in how my siblings and I approached the way we looked at our futures.
The historical experience of legalization under the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act indicates that comprehensive immigration reform would raise wages, increase consumption, create jobs, and generate additional tax revenue. Even though IRCA was implemented during an economic recession characterized by high unemployment, it still helped raise wages and spurred increases in educational, home, and small-business investments by newly legalized immigrants. Taking the experience of IRCA as a starting point, we estimate that comprehensive immigration reform would yield at least $1.5 trillion in cumulative U.S. gross domestic product over 10 years. This is a compelling economic reason to move away from the current “vicious cycle” where enforcement-only policies perpetuate unauthorized migration and exert downward pressure on already low wages, and toward a “virtuous cycle” of worker empowerment in which legal status and labor rights exert upward pressure on wages. (SOURCE)
My own research has shown that IRCA provided immediate direct benefits by successfully turning formerly clandestine workers into higher-paid employees. Other researchers have shown that IRCA provided unexpected indirect benefits to the communities where legalized immigrants resided. After legalization, fewer of these immigrants sent money back to their home countries, and those who sent back money sent back less. More of their earnings were spent in their communities in the United States. Research also showed that the legalized population became participating community members—nearly two out of five people who legalized under IRCA were U.S. citizens by 2001.(SOURCE)
UPDATED: 01/26/13 - Here's some good news for supporters of Immigration Reform, via the Washington Post: "Senators nearing agreement on broad immigration reform proposal."
UPDATED: 01/27/13 - Here's some more good news for supporters of Immigration Reform, via the Huffington Post/ABC's This Week: Senator John McCain (R-AZ) backs path to citizenship. Says he:
"Look at the last election. Look at the last election. We are losing dramatically the Hispanic vote, which we think should be ours, for a variety of reasons, and we've got to understand that."